COIN34 – SPOJ

Đề bài: http://vn.spoj.com/problems/COIN34/

Thuật toán:

Code:

uses math;
const
  fi='';
  fo='';
  maxs=2*trunc(1e6);
  maxn=17;
var
  st,d : array[1..maxs] of longint;
  c : array[1..maxn*2] of longint;
  i,j,n,res,s1,s2,x,d1,c1,top : longint;
procedure enter;
  begin
    assign(input,fi);reset(input);
    assign(output,fo);rewrite(output);
    c[1] :=2; c[2] := 3; c[3] := 5;
    for i:=4 to 34 do
      c[i] := c[i-1]+c[i-2]+c[i-3];
  end;
procedure up1;
  begin
    //if c1=x then begin res := max(res,d1); exit; end;
    //if c1>x then exit;
    inc(top); st[top] := c1;
    d[top] := d1;
  end;
procedure try1( i : longint);
  var j : longint;
  begin
    for j:=0 to 1 do
      begin
        if j=1 then begin c1 := c1+c[i]; inc(d1) end;
        if i=s1 then up1 else try1(i+1);
        if j=1 then begin c1 := c1-c[i]; dec(d1) end;
      end;
  end;
procedure up2;
  var dau,cuoi,giua,xx : longint;
  begin
    if x=c1 then begin res := max(res,d1); exit; end;
    if c1>x then exit;
    xx := x-c1;
    dau:=1;cuoi:=top;
    giua:=(dau+cuoi) div 2;
    while (giua<>dau) and (giua<>cuoi) do
      begin
        if st[giua]>=xx then cuoi :=giua else dau := giua;
        giua :=(dau+cuoi) div 2;
      end;
    for giua := dau to cuoi do
      if st[giua]=xx then break;
    if st[giua]=xx then res := max(res,d1+d[giua]);
  end;
procedure try2( i :longint);
  var j : longint;
  begin
    for j:=1 downto 0 do
      begin
        if j=1 then begin c1 := c1+c[i]; inc(d1); end;
        if i=34 then up2 else try2(i+1);
        if j=1 then begin c1 := c1-c[i]; dec(d1); end;
      end;
  end;
procedure swap(var x,y : longint);
  var tg : longint;
  begin
    tg:=x;x:=y;y:=tg;
  end;
procedure qs1(l,r : longint);
  var i,j,x,y : longint;
  begin
    i :=l;j:=r;
    x:=st[(l+r) div 2];
    y:=d[(l+r) div 2];
    repeat
      while (x>st[i]) or((x=st[i]) and (d[i]>y)) do inc(i);
      while (x<st[j]) or((x=st[j]) and (d[j]<y)) do dec(j);
      if i<=j then
        begin
          swap(st[i],st[j]);
          swap(d[i],d[j]);
          inc(i);dec(j);
        end;
    until i>j;
    if i<r then qs1(i,r);
    if l<j then qs1(l,j);
  end;
procedure init;
  begin
    s1 := 20; s2 := 21;
    try1(1);
    qs1(1,top);
    //try2(21);
  end;
procedure process;
  var t,tt : longint;
  begin
    readln(t);
    for tt:=1 to t do
      begin
        res := -1;
        readln(x);
        d1 := 0; c1 := 0;
        try2(21);
        writeln('Case #',tt,': ',res);
      end;
  end;
begin
  enter;
  init;
  process;
end.